Malcolm X cautions Africa’s leaders about racism

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· Remember the gory lessons of history or be doomed to repeat them

Malcom x
Rev. King and Malcolm X

Even today, the key writers and activists of African descent were minimally or hardly included in history books taught in Africa and the Americas. Books from the colonial school days like “The Makers of Civilization”, celebrated characters like Christopher Columbus, the “founder” of America, and others of that type. Such European explorers paved the way for the slave trade – with loots to share with their kings and queens – and have been so denounced for what they truly were.

Whoever thought that one day their statues and effigies would be besieged or brought down from the high pedestals and dumped into rivers? The evil that men do truly lives after them; and as the iconic Bob Marley put it, You can’t fool all the people all the time.

The arc of history

Ever since my university days in California in the 1970s to now, I’ve invested in a sizeable collection of books on Kwame Nkrumah, Nelson Mandela, Franz Fanon, J.H. Kwabena Nketia, and Ephraim Amu. And also on a selection on Rev Martin Luther King, Jr; James Baldwin, Langston Hughes, W.E.B. Du Bois, Maya Angelou, Richard Wright, and of course, Malcolm X. Some key Pan-Africanists include Marcus Garvey, George Padmore, and Kwame Toure (formerly Stokely Carmichael) and they all need to be rooted decisively in our educational curriculum.

Kwame Toure became a special friend and he’d make himself available to speak at the state university where I studied in Los Angeles. The personality whose presence I missed (and I have still not recovered fully from that lost opportunity) was Rosa Parks. [Parks was the lady who refused to sit in the back of a bus – in the Jim Crow days in Montgomery, Alabama. She heralded the civil right movement which Dr. King led. She’s now designated the first lady of the civil rights].

Parks accepted our invitation during the black history month to speak at the school where I taught; but, for some reason, I was out that afternoon when she came. The last time I visited Los Angeles, the former Santa Monica Freeway had been renamed Rosa Parks Highway.

Again, in Boston, a program I attended a few years back was located on Malcolm X Avenue. As Dr. King used to say, The arc of history bends towards justice. To ignore such pathfinders was to ignore the history of the larger African struggle.

Malcolm X

In his autobiography, Malcolm X shared an incident that happened to his mother when she was pregnant with him. One night – while the father was away preaching in Milwaukee – some hooded Ku Klux Klan riders galloped up to their home in Omaha, Nebraska. Surrounding the house, they brandished short guns and rifles and shouted for his father to come out. His mother opened the front door, and visibly pregnant she told them that she was home alone with her three small children. The Klansmen shouted threats that they’d better leave town because “the good Christian white people” were not going to stand for her husband “spreading trouble among the ‘good’ Negroes of Omaha with the back to Africa preachings of Marcus Garvey.”

Eventually, the father was killed in a mysterious accident when Malcolm was six years. The tragedy left a lasting impression on him through adulthood.

Malcolm X at the OAU

In July 17-21, 1964, Malcolm attended an OAU conference in Cairo, Egypt, where he presented a case to Africa’s leaders to help resolve the plight of African Americans in the U.S.

He began, “[I] attend this historic African summit-conference as an observer to represent the interests of 22 million African-Americans whose human rights are being violated daily by the racism of American imperialists. Since the 22 million of us were originally Africans, who are now in America, not by choice but only by a cruel accident in our history, we strongly believe that African problems are our problems and our problems are African problems. We in America are your long-lost brothers and sisters.”

In laying out the murderous conditions relocated Africans endure, he continued “in America, [we are] suffering the most inhuman forms of physical and psychological tortures imaginable. And all of these inhuman atrocities have been inflicted upon us by the American governmental authorities, the police themselves, for no reason other than that we seek the recognition and respect granted other human beings in America. We stand defenseless, at the mercy of American racists who murder us at will for no reason other than we are Black and of African descent.”

Our common humanity

He noted that Africa’s “problems will never be fully solved until and unless ours are solved … You will never be fully respected until and unless we are also respected. You will never be recognized as free human beings until and unless we are also recognized and treated as human beings. Our problem is your problem. It is not a [Black] problem, nor an American problem … this is a world problem, a problem for humanity. It is not a problem of civil rights; it is a problem of human rights!”

Malcolm concluded by beseeching the independent African states to help the problem before the United Nations to protect the lives and the property of 22 million African Americans.




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